Stem cells can be considered “mother cells” because they can ultimately transform into any type of cell in the body and multiply indefinitely in order to self-renew. This means that stem cells can eventually become blood, bone, muscle, brain, heart, skin, and many other types of cells. Since all other cells in the body develop for one specific purpose, these characteristics make stem cells very unique and exceptionally valuable.
Stem cells can be obtained from various sources, including tissues from human fat, umbilical cord blood, and bone marrow. Stem cells from specific origins often work best in certain applications, which is why bone marrow stem cells have been widely used in transplants for years.
When stem cells are utilized in stem cell therapy, they are guided to damaged areas and degenerating tissue by homing signals given off in that specific area of the body. When stem cells reach an area of damaged tissue they start signaling the progenitor cells for that specific tissue to start healing and regrowing the tissue. The signaling information given off by the stem cells are called exosomes. In stem cell therapy it is possible to stimulate complete regrowth and restore degenerated tissue, thereby avoiding surgery and its risk, and completely eliminating pain.
When stem cells are utilized in stem cell therapies they replace damaged, diseased, and defective cells. Upon injection the stem cells are guided by the damaged tissues that send inflammatory signals, and when they reach the location of the injury the stem cells begin self-renewing in order to heal the targeted location. This means that rather than simply providing temporary pain relief, stem cells actually restore degenerated tissue and significantly reduce pain.
Dr. Nebbeling’s Report . . . How to be an informed consumer regarding Stem Cells